Characteristics of a circular economy

3.4.2 Resilience building through diversity

Natural systems are highly resilient because they are able to adapt to changing environmental conditions through diversity, uniformity, and complexity. Because natural systems are diverse and have many connections across multiple scales, they can absorb external shocks.

By contrast, the linear economic system has focused on a uniform approach that, although highly complex, is vulnerable to external shocks and not very adaptive to shocks such as resource limitation and market volatility. To increase resilience, more diversity and versatility can be built into the economic system.

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